War of 1812: Burning of the President’s Mansion

Medal of Honor Winner Lt. Michael Murphy

Station: 5 (Music of the Southern Colonies)

Song 1

The Weavers: Follow the Drinking Gourd

A song that gave instructions to slaves on how to escape toCanada. It includes specific directions on where to go, what to look for, and what time of year to leave. “The Drinking Gourd” is referring to the Big Dipper in the night sky.

Click on link to play song.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msqLxEyDHLg

Song 2

Mozart: Bassoon Concert

This was a typical style of music that would have been favored by a white plantation owner. This music came fromEuropeand represented a wealthy and civilized person.

Click on link to play song.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60-JUrZUwIE

Song 3

Gospel music is a form of African American soul music that was created on the plantations by slaves. The music provided hope and spirituality for slaves struggling to survive. This is a coded song that gives instructions to slaves to actually “wade through the water” to avoid being tracked by blood hounds. They referenced “Jordan” which is considered to be the Christian promise land, but for slaves,Canada, where there is no slavery, would be the slaves promise land.

Click on link to play song.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhjGzBCOw88

The story of Nat Turner:

Challenge Questions:

Why are there so many relgious imagery in slave songs? What was the purpose of slavery music? Does music today serve a purpose? Explain and give an example.

http://www.osblackhistory.com/stealaway.php

DBQ 1: Democracy in Colonial America

Click the on the link below to get a copy of the DBQ 1: Democracy in Colonial America.

http://teacherweb.com/NY/TuckahoeMiddleSchool/SocialStudies7/dbq1democracyincolonialamerica.pdf

Political Cartoon: Government

 

Assignment: Write your own caption for the cartoon

Test Questions

1)  

One widely accepted theory suggests that the ancestors of Native American Indians migrated to the Americas from Asia by crossing the…
  a) Appalachian mountain range

b) Bering Strait land bridge

c) Atlantic Ocean

d) Great Plains

 

2)  

Inuit’s wore clothing made of seal and caribou skins. Pueblos wore clothing made of woven cotton. Algonquians wore clothing made of deerskin. These differences in clothing were most likely the result of…
  a) traditional religious practices

b) available natural resources

c) family kinship requirements

d) competing customs in fashio

 

3)  

The earliest Native Americans crossed a land bridge called…
  a) The Bering Strait

b) Alaska

c) Atlantis

d) Beringia

 

4)  

Which of the below was the earliest civilization?
  a) The Aztec

b) The Maya

c) The Olmec

d) The Inca

 

5)  

In the 1500s what changed the ways of life for Native Americans forever?
  a) climate changes

b) wars between nations

c) lack of food

d) arrival of the Europeans

 

6)  

Agriculture allowed early Americans to
  a) form communitiesb) hunt more efficiently

c) form governments

d) travel farther

 

7)  

This Native American language was spoken on Long Islandand in New York was? 

  a) Iroquoian

b) Algonquin

c) Aztec

d) Apache

 

8 )  

Which Native American tribe has a reservation on Long Island?
  a) Mohawk

b) Montauk

c) Shinnecock

d) Cherokee

 

9)  

Who were the Native Americans of the Moriches/ Mastic area?
  a) The Unkechaugeb) The Massapaquoges

c) The Montauks

d) The Seneca

 

10)  

The longhouse was a type of dwelling used by the
  a) Anaszi of Arizona

b) Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) of New York

c) Inuit of Alaska

d) Pueblos of New Mexico

Final Review Sheet for Midterm

American Revolution 

Battles of the Revolution

  1.  
    1. Lexington and Concord- this was the first battle of the American Revolution- some say it was “the shot heard around the world”
    2. Bunker Hill/ Boston- The first battle where the British took heavy casualties. This taught the British that this war would not be easy.
    3. The Battle of Long Island- The start of the British plan to capture New York and divide the colonies. The British defeated the Patriots badly and General Washington had to escape with half his men to Pennsylvania. 
    4. Britain’s plan to take New York- Great Britain had a plan to capture New York and divide the colonies into two. If they do this they could win the American Revolution.
    5. Saratoga- The turning point in the war for the Patriots. The last piece of the British plan to capture New York depended on them winning Saratoga. Washington took Saratoga and defeated the British. This battle showed the French that the colonists could actually win this war. After the battle the French took a more active role in helping the colonists.

Events:

  1. The Continental Congress- Gathering of wealthy representatives from the 13 colonies. Gathered to decide whether they should unit and help Massachusetts fight Britain.
  2. The Declaration of Independence- Letter to King George III and Parliament declaring the 13 colonies free from Great Britain. It also was a list of reasons as to why we wanted and had the right to be free. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.
  3. Valley Forge- Winter after Saratoga that the Patriots had to survive in order to get French help in the spring. It was one of the coldest winters on record and many froze to death.

  • Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.
  • Colonists loyal to Great Britain were called Tories or Loyalists.  
  • Parliament is the British legislature.
  • King George III
  • Paul Revere

 

English Colonies

 

Massachusetts Bay Colony- Puritans founded the colony

  • Religious fanatics
  • Created the General Court- Early form of colonial representative government

Virginia’s House of Burgesses- The first representative government developed in the colonies.

Mayflower Compact- First example of self-governing in the colonies. It was a list of rules and agreements that the Pilgrims signed on the Mayflower.

Act of Toleration- A colonial law that granted Protestants and Catholics the right to worship freely.

Pennsylvania founded by William Penn

  • William Penn was a Quaker Quakers preached and believed in religious freedom.

 

Rhode Island Roger Williams founded the colony

  • Taught religious freedom.

Jamestown Colony- English explorers were interested in finding gold and wealth in Virginia

 Mercantilism- Colonial economic system that states a nation is only as wealthy as the amount of gold they have in their treasury. This system made nations explore the world looking for gold.

  • Tobacco is the main crop of Virginia and the South.

 

New England Colonies- Subsistence farming – grow only what the family needs.

Middle Colonies- Tenet Farming- Farms are rented out to workers.

Southern Colonies- Plantation farming- Slaves work the plantation- tobacco.

 The Triangle Trade- A trade pattern set up to get slaves from Africa and bring them to the colonies. The trade went from America with tobacco, to Europe for weapons, and then to Africa for slaves.

The Middle Passage was the route from Africa with the Slaves on the ship. This is known for being horrible and terrible for the Africans captured and sold into slavery.

 The Peter Zenger Trial- created the right of Freedom of the Press. 

 

Dutch New York

The Dutch came to New York looking for Beaver Pelts.

Peter Minuit- Purchased the island of Manhattan from Native Americans for $24

Peter Stuyvesant- Was governor of New Amsterdam and gave New Amsterdam to the English without a fight. The British called New Amsterdam New York.

 

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  • Midterm Review: Part Part 2- Causes of The American Revolution

    Causes of the American Revolution

    French And Indian War- In 1754 colonists claimed that the French were taking land west of the colonies New York and Pennsylvania. The British, colonists, and Iroquois went to war with the French and other Native Americans. The war cost the British tons of money. The British decided after the war to tax the colonies to pay back the war debt. They also signed a treaty with the Iroquois agreeing to stay off their lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.

    Proclamation Line of 1763- Colonists were not allowed to move west of the Appalachian Mountains.

    “No taxation without representation”                                                   

    • Stamp Act- A British tax on all paper goods used within the 13 colonies. Examples: receipts, forms, letters.
    • Sugar Act- Colonists paid taxes on molasses, a sweat gel sugar used for baking.
    • Tea Act- A tax colonists had to pay on British tea.
    • Intolerable Acts/ Coercive Acts- Laws and taxes imposed on the colony of Massachusetts to punish them for their boycotting of British goods and the Boston Tea Party. They also closed Boston Harbor.
    • Writs of Assistance- Allowed British soldiers to search colonial homes and shops to look for smuggled goods.
    • Quartering Act- Allowed British soldiers to stay in colonial homes without colonial permission.

    Massachusetts’ Protests

    • Boycott- Colonists protesting the taxes without representation boycott, did not buy, British products that were taxed. Note: Colonists were only allowed to buy British goods.
    •  

    • Boston Tea Party- Boston citizens board a British Tea trade ship in Boston Harbor dressed as Native Americans and throw the tea into the harbor. They were members of the Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty. They were protesting the taxes on British tea without representation.
    •  

    • Sons of Liberty- A group of Massachusetts colonists who used violence to protest British rule. John Hancock, Samuel Adams, and Paul Revere were members.
    • Daughters of Liberty- A group of female colonists who supported the actions of the Sons of Liberty.
    • Boston Massacre- A group of British soldiers shot and killed five colonists in Boston. The Sons of Liberty used propaganda with this event to gain support for war with Britain.

    Heroes and Villains

    • Militias- Community members in the colonies formed part-time soldiers to help defend the colony when needed. They were everyday farmers, blacksmiths, and lawyers.
    •  

    • Red Coats- A nickname for British soldiers. It was named after the large red coat British officers wore.
    • Tory/ Loyalist- Colonists who support the British before and during the American Revolution.
    • Patriot- A colonist who fights against the British during the Revolution.
    • Paul Revere- Went on the famous midnight ride to warn the Massachusetts colonists that the British were coming before the battle of Lexington and Concord.
    • Samuel Adams- Leader of the Sons of Liberty who spread anti-British feelings in the colonies.
    • John Locke- Lived during the age of enlightenment in Europe and was the first person to write about the idea of Natural Rights, rights that all men are born with. His views later spread and helped influence the American Revolution and the founding of American freedom.
    •  

    • Thomas Paine- He wrote “Common Sense”. It was a pamphlet that took John Locke’s ideas a step further. Paine wrote how a people have the duty to overthrow their government or King if it or he is not protecting the freedoms of the people. He lived in Boston and was a member of the Sons of Liberty.
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    Welcome Social Studies Students! 2010

    Use this website to find help and to review in the social studies.

    Midterm Review Part 1

    The social studies midterm this year will be held on Friday January 26, 2010. The Midterm will cover all the units we have learned this year with a special focus on “The Causes to the American Revolution“, and the “American Revolution“.

    Over the next week and a half there will be three parts to our 7th grade social studies midterm review.

    • Part 1- Causes to the American Revolution
    • Part 2- American Revolution
    • Part 3- All other material

    Part 1:

    • Causes of the American Revolution-

    • Freedom of Press- Peter Zenger was arrested for printing news on the King. There was a court case that established he had the right to speak his mind.
    • Magna Carta- The first Bill of Rights in England that limited the power of the King. The King had to ask Parliament if he wanted to raise taxes. He no longer was all powerful.
    • Enlightenment- A movement of ideas where people started to question the way things were. People no longer accepted things because they were the way things were. People wanted better rights.
    • John Locke- Wrote about how people don’t get their rights from the King instead they are born with Natural Rights that god gives them. This stated that the King was not all powerful; he had to allow peoples natural rights.
    • Thomas Paine- “Common Sense” A pamphlet that said people had the right to kill the king and start a new government if that king is not protecting the rights of the people. A government gets it’s power from the people and not the other way around.

    French and Indian War- In the 1750’s a war broke out when the French started to take Virginian land. The French, Indians and Spain went to war with England and the Iroquois. The war cost tons of money and England claimed that the colonies should pay for a war that was started protecting their land.

    Moving Westward-(Proclamation of 1763)- England also signs a treaty with the Iroquois that state the colonies will not spread west into Iroquois land. * This angered the colonists who were hoping to spread west.

    Stamp Act- Tax on all paper goods, which was a huge deal because back then most people used paper for everything.

    Intolerable Acts- Taxes and laws that angered the colonists. A tax on tea (which was the #1 beverage in the colonies, yes no soda) Quartering act- stated that all citizens had to allow soldiers to live in their house.

    Boston Massacre- Boston soldiers shot and killed four colonist kids because they threw snow balls at them. This was one of the last straws and the colonists were very upset about it.

    Boston Tea Party- A group of Bostonians (Sons of Liberty) protested taxes on British tea by dressing up as Native Americans and throwing British tea off of the trade boats into the harbor. This action angered the British crown and ultimately lead to the Intolerable Acts.