Unit Test: Review- Colonial America and the Causes of the American Revolution
- House of Burgess- Jamestown Virginia-The first representative government in America. It becomes the blueprint for making the House of Representatives during the constitutional convention. The Grand-daddy of our congress
- General Court- Puritan Massachusetts- The first court system built in America. The court was based on the rules in the Bible, but was later looked towards when making the Supreme Court.
Southern Colonies- Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
Middle Colonies- New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland
Northern Colonies- Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
Southern Colonies- The South was founded on the premise that people who went there would make money. They first thought gold was there but after not finding any they started to farm. Tobacco became the main cash crop of the south. Because of the tobacco plantations, farmers needed large amounts of slaves. This need to grow tobacco led to the great influx of slavery in the south.
* Triangle trade- Tobacco and cotton were traded to Africa for slaves. The slaves from Africa went to the Caribbean and were cleaned up and traded for sugar. Then the sugar and slaves were brought back to the South.
Middle Colonies- People who moved to the middle colonies were middle class workers. Most couldn’t afford to own their own farm so they rented. The middle colonies became a haven for tent farmers. Workers who farmed paid for rent with the crops.
Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn who created a colony that was open to all people of different religions. It was the only truly free colony.
Northern Colonies- People who moved to the Northern colonies were religious fanatics who wanted to set up colonies that allowed them to create the official religion that everyone had to follow. Most people lived as the bible said and grew only what they needed. Subsistence farming is the main means of how people grew food.
Causes of the American Revolution-
• Freedom of Press- Peter Zenger was arrested for printing news on the King. There was a court case that established he had the right to speak his mind.
• Magna Carta- The first Bill of Rights in England that limited the power of the King. The King had to ask Parliament if he wanted to raise taxes. He no longer was all powerful.
• Enlightenment- A movement of ideas where people started to question the way things were. People no longer accepted things because they were the way things were. People wanted better rights.
• John Locke- Wrote about how people don’t get their rights from the King instead they are born with Natural Rights that god gives them. This stated that the King was not all powerful; he had to allow peoples natural rights.
• Thomas Paine- “Common Sense” A pamphlet that said people had the right to kill the king and start a new government if that king is not protecting the rights of the people. A government gets it’s power from the people and not the other way around.
French and Indian War- In the 1750’s a war broke out when the French started to take Virginian land. The French, Indians and Spain went to war with England and the Iroquois. The war cost tons of money and England claimed that the colonies should pay for a war that was started protecting their land.
Moving Westward-(Proclamation of 1763)- England also signs a treaty with the Iroquois that state the colonies will not spread west into Iroquois land. * This angered the colonists who were hoping to spread west.
Stamp Act- Tax on all paper goods, which was a huge deal because back then most people used paper for everything.
Intolerable Acts- Taxes and laws that angered the colonists. A tax on tea (which was the #1 beverage in the colonies, yes no soda) Quartering act- stated that all citizens had to allow soldiers to live in their house.
Boston Massacre- Boston soldiers shot and killed four colonist kids because they threw snow balls at them. This was one of the last straws and the colonists were very upset about it.